He is counted among the founding fathers of Argentina and also led the liberations of Chile and Peru. His dark complexion caused many whispers about his parentage while he was young, although it would serve him well later in life. By 17, he was a lieutenant and had seen action in North Africa and France. His ship was captured at one point, but he was returned to Spain in a prisoner exchange.
Legacy of José de San Martín
Jose de San Martin | Biography & Facts | marioneldridge.com
Spanish American wars of independence. After the Battle of San Lorenzo and time commanding the Army of the North during , he organized a plan to defeat the Spanish forces that menaced the United Provinces from the north, using an alternative path to the Viceroyalty of Peru. This objective first involved the establishment of a new army, the Army of the Andes , in Cuyo Province , Argentina. Then he sailed to attack the Spanish stronghold of Lima , Peru. The details of the 22 July meeting would be a subject of debate by later historians. Later documents formulated during his life, such as passports, military career records and wedding documentation, gave him varying ages.
José de San Martín
His mother, Gregoria Matorras, was also Spanish. From to he was educated at the Seminary of Nobles in Madrid, leaving there to begin his military career as a cadet in the Murcia infantry regiment. For the next 20 years he was a loyal officer of the Spanish monarch, fighting against the Moors in Oran ; against the British , who held him captive for more than a year; and against the Portuguese in the War of the Oranges He was made captain in
For this reason, he is homaged and depicted in several cultural works of those countries, and even internationally. He requested in his will to be taken to the cemetery without any funeral , and to be moved to Buenos Aires , Argentina , afterwards. He also bequeathed his curved saber to the Argentine governor Juan Manuel de Rosas.