The use of third-party reproduction has been practiced for over a century. One of the first documented cases of donor insemination occurred in when a married couple struggling with male infertility consulted Dr. William Pancoast, a physician and medical school professor. Although artificial insemination in humans was possible in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, it was not socially acceptable and women undergoing the procedure were often considered to have committed adultery and their children were perceived as illegitimate.
This homeless young bisexual woman will give birth to a sperm donor’s 50th child
Sperm donation - Wikipedia
The rise of consumer genetic tests — which allow people to connect with relatives they never knew they had, including some who never intended to be found in the first place — is forcing sperm donation clinics to confront the fact that it is now virtually impossible to guarantee anonymity to their clients. Instead, sites like 23andMe and Ancestry. That, clinics and outside experts say, has forced a reckoning for the industry. And in at least one case, a clinic has sought to draw a line in the sand, ordering a woman to cease and desist efforts to contact a long-ago donor she had identified after using 23andMe. Donor anonymity is also an issue for egg donors, but less so.
Donating your sperm
Sperm donation is the provision by a man of his sperm with the intention that it be used in the artificial insemination or other 'fertility treatment' of a woman or women who are not his sexual partners in order that they may become pregnant by him. The man is known as a 'sperm donor' and the sperm he provides is known as 'donor sperm' because the intention is that the man will give up all legal rights to any child produced from his sperm, and will not be the legal father. However conception is achieved, the nature and course of the pregnancy will be the same as one achieved by sexual intercourse, and the sperm donor will be the biological father of every child born from his donations. Sperm donation enables a man to father a child for third-party women, and is therefore, categorized as a form of third party reproduction. Sperm may be donated by the donor directly to the intended recipient woman, or through a sperm bank or fertility clinic.
For many people, using donated sperm is the only chance they have of fulfilling their dream to have a family. Find out more about what sperm donation involves and how you can donate at a licensed UK fertility clinic. There are many reasons why people use donated sperm. Some men with serious inherited diseases in their family may want to use donated sperm to avoid passing the disease onto their children.